Difference between lifestyle of farmers in u.s.a and india?
There is a heaven and hell difference between the living styles of farmers in USA and Amerika. The employment and income from agriculture is small in USA compared with the position in India. Very small percentage of population in Amerika depends on agriculture unlike in India. This is because very few people are required to produce agricultural, horticultural, fishing and dairy and animal husbandary work in Amerika. The reason is that these activities are managed by largescale operations with the most advanced technology, equipment and research support. Naturaally, the productivity of American farmers are many times those of Indian farmers. Given the high productivity of a farmer, the farmers earn quite a lot unlike in India where most farmers are poor, illeterate, operate small farms, cannot apply high technology associated with commercial farming. Since American farmers are rich and agricultural labor is subject to high minimum eages prevailing in US (as compared to about $2 a day, American minimum wage is above $6 an hour), their life styles are different. They have good houses, ride automobiles, have electricity, fridge, TV etc at home. Have access to medical AND HEALTHCARE AS ARE AVAILABLE TO URBAN AND CITY DWELLERS. fARMING FAMILIES ALSO HAVE ACCESS TO BEST EDUCATION. Employment
In 1870, half of the US population was employed in agriculture. As of 2006, less than 1% of the population is directly employed in agriculture. In 2004, of the 145 million employed workers in the US, 834,000 of them held jobs as agricultural workers. 83% of these jobs were as farm workers. The median hourly income as of May 2004 was $7.70 for farmworkers planting, growing and harvesting crops, and $8.31 for farmworkers tending to animals.
Now some data about American Agriculture:U.S. agriculture has a high yield relative to other countries. The yield was (in 2004):
Corn for grain, average of 160.4 bushels harvested per acre (10.07 t/ha)
Soybean for beans, average of 42.5 bushels harvested per acre (2.86 t/ha)
Wheat, average of 43.2 bushels harvested per acre (2.91 t/ha, was 44.2 bu/ac or 2.97 t/ha in 2003)
The major livestock industries in the United States are:
Swine (also called hogs or pigs)
Inventories in the United States at the end of 1997 were:
Goats, horses, turkeys and bees are also raised, though in lesser quantities. Inventory data is not as readily available as for the major industries. For the three major goat-producing states (AZ, NM, and TX) there were 1,200,000 goats at the end of 2002. There were 5,300,000 horses in the United States at the end of 1998. There were 2,500,000 colonies of bees at the end of 2002.
Nine common types include:
Cash Grains includes corn, soybeans and other grains (wheat, oats, barley, sorghum), dry edible beans and peas, and rice.
Other Field Crops includes peanuts, potatoes, sunflowers, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, broomcorn, popcorn, sugar beets, mint, hops, seed crops, hay, silage, forage, etc. Tobacco and cotton can be included here if not in their own separate category.
High Value Crops includes fruits, vegetables, melons, tree nuts, greenhouse and nursery crops, and horticultural specialties.
Poultry and Eggs
Agriculture is both a federal and a local responsibility with the United States Department of Agriculture being the federal department responsible. Agriculture is an extremely powerful interest group in American politics and has been since the founding of the USA. Government aid includes research into crop types and regional suitability as well as many kinds of subsidies, some price supports and loan programs. U.S. farmers are not subject to production quotas and some laws are different for farms compared to other workplaces.
Labor laws prohibiting children in other workplaces provide some exemptions for children working on farms with complete exemptions for children working on their family's farm. Children can also gain permits from vocational training schools or the 4-H club which allow them to do jobs they would otherwise not be permitted to do.
A large part of the U.S. farm workforce is made up of migrant and seasonal workers, many of them recent immigrants from Latin America or aliens working under work permits. Additional laws apply to these workers and their housing which is often provided by the farmer.
A farmers life, no matter in what country is easy. The main difference between these two countries is that USA is a developed country with a GDP per capita of $45000, while India only has $3000. There is more help in America with machinery, while the farmers in India, rely on lower class people to do some of their field work. Then when it comes time to sell, American farmers usually have a better outcome, as compared to India based on value and competition. In addition, the weather in these two countries differs as well.
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